Vicksburg National Military Park

Description

The Vicksburg National Military Park commemorates the campaign, siege, and defense of Vicksburg, which was a critical chapter in the American Civil War. Highlights include the U.S.S. Cairo Gunboat and Museum and the Vicksburg National Cemetery. On a visit here you’ll learn how, throughout the war, the Union Army made it a priority to gain control of the Mississippi River, despite the Confederate imperative to hold it. This struggle truly came to a head in strategically situated Vicksburg.

In early 1863, General Grant launched the complex Vicksburg Campaign, which involved marching the Union Army of the Tennessee south along the river to take the city. Although the Union had more troops, the Confederates had the advantage of already being entrenched in fortifications amid hilly area terrain. A series of Union assaults and naval bombardments failed to break through, and, in May, both sides settled into a siege, punctuated by skirmishes, that lasted roughly two months. The Confederates ultimately surrendered, though, on July 4, 1863—a day after the Union victory at Gettysburg. Historians posit that the outcomes of these two battles marked the turning point of the war.

Address

3201 Clay St.
Vicksburg, Mississippi 39183

Lat/Long

32.34353800, -90.85297600

Open Hours

Park: daily 8–5. Museum: daily 8:30–5.
Visit Website
(601) 636-0583

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