Pecos National Historical Park


For at least 10,000 years, humans have inhabited this area 25 miles southeast of Santa Fe. By the 16th century, the Pecos Indians had long established a thriving culture. In 1540, the Spanish explorer Coronado made first contact with this Native American group. Over the next three centuries the Pecos experienced Franciscan attempts to Christianize them, the devastating effects of European diseases, and warfare with plains Indians. In 1838, the last remaining Pecos moved to Jemez Pueblo. Today this newly expanded Pecos National Historical Park, on the edge of the Santa Fe National Forest, includes the ruins of the ancient Pecos pueblo, two Spanish missions, Santa Fe Trail stops, and the Civil War battle site of Glorieta Pass. What to see and do: Your two-hour trip to Pecos National Historical Park should begin at the visitor center. After watching a ten-minute captioned film to refresh your historical sense of the area, have a look at the artifact exhibits. Pick up your interpretive trail pamphlet and continue outside. Because you're at 7,000 feet, be prepared for snow in winter and windy springs. One and a quarter miles of trail take you through two mission ruins and the 15th-century remains of the Pecos' five-story, 660-room pueblo. Some of the remains have been reconstructed, so you can get an idea of how the buildings originally looked. Almost 80 percent of the trail is wheelchair accessible. At least seven are offered in the summer months, with trips to Civil War battlegrounds, Forked Lightning Ranch House, the Lost Church founded by early Franciscan missionaries, and a variety of pueblos. Three tours are offered during the winter months. During summertime, also inquire about special weekend cultural demonstrations. If you visit the first Sunday in August, you may participate in the Feast Day Mass said in honor of Our Lady of the Angels, the Pecos' patron saint. This Mass is a good example of two cultures, Spanish and Native American, existing side by side. Lodging and services can be found in Santa Fe or nearby Pecos Village.


25 miles SE of Santa Fe
Pecos, NM 87552


35.54905000, -105.68904900
Visit Website
(505) 757-7200

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